Blog: Critical Raw Materials in the EU

Feb 22, 2022

The main output of the FlashPhos process, white phosphorus (P4), is a critical raw material (CRM).

The European Commission has published a list of CRMs that is being regularly reviewed and updated.  To count as CRM, materials must fulfil two criteria:

  • High importance to the EU economy
  • High risk of disruption of the supply to the EU

White Phosphorus as Critical Raw Material

White phosphorus is irreplaceable for key industries, for example in the food, pharmaceutical and electronic sector. Currently, the EU is completely dependent on white phosphorus imports from Kazakhstan, Vietnam and China, which puts a steady and reliable supply to the EU at risk. FlashPhos will significantly contribute to bringing white phosphorus production back to Europe. As P4 will be recovered from sewage sludge, FlashPhos will also avoid that equivalent P4 will be produced in other places, consuming natural mined Phosphate Rock, which is a finite world resource and CRM itself.

Critical Raw Materials & A Circular Economy

As highlighted in the Report on CRMs and the circular economy published by the European Commission, there is high potential of applying a circular economy approach to CRMs. This is just what FlashPhos is all about: Reducing waste generation and closing gaps in the circular economy by means of a real zero-waste process, returning all output mass and energy flows to the industrial cycle, thus enhancing resource efficiency, energy savings and reduction of (hazardous) waste.

For further information contact

Dipl.-Ing. Matthias Rapf

Project Coordinator

M.Sc. Max Schmid

Project Coordinator

Project Partners

Social Media

💡 #EUProject @FlashPhos aims to close gaps in the #circulareconomy by demonstrating a real #zerowaste process, returning all output mass & energy flows to the industrial cycle, thus contributing to #resourceefficiency, #energysavings & #wastereduction.


🎞️Treasure hunt in #sewagesludge - can we turn sewage sludge into gold? Yes, we can! #EUProject @FlashPhos coordinator @MatthiasRapf explains in @ARTEde documentary 🎥 how this is done (German, French subtitles available, start: 19:20) #zerowaste

📢📅 Lukas Pohl from @FlashPhos partner @Uni_Stuttgart is participating in the 4th #Bioeconomy Congress BW next week and presenting a poster on #FlashPhos on September 27.

Do you happen to be in or near Stuttgart? Register to the congress ▶️ & connect!

Raw materials are essential for our daily lives.

It is important to ensure the security and sustainability of their supply.

The European Critical Raw Materials Act will:

☑️ Identify strategic projects along the supply chain
☑️ Build strategic reserves for our Union


💡 White #phosphorus is a strategically important substance irreplaceable for key industries like food, pharmaceuticals & electronics.

@FlashPhos will produce #highquality white phosphorus & other #rawmaterials using #sewagesludge as input material 👉

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